Clunkers and Links
Component: Reading and Writing
Objective: To develop competency in reading and writing skills
English Language Development Focus & Consideration
Talk about how readers refer back to the text to understand unknown vocabulary and unfamiliar
concepts (Clunkers). Make the explicit language connection to nouns highlighting how pronouns or a synonym refer back to the same noun in the text. (e.g. Santos Manuel's most important contribution to the Serrano people was his leadership in saving his people from being killed by the local San
Bernardino militia, group of white male settlers, acted as soldiers to kill all the Native Americans that were living in the San Bernardino Mountains. They drove them to the mountains.) The underlined and italicized words are connected to make a distinction of what nouns/pronouns the paragraph is referring to in the text.